Cornerstones of Cost Management Hansen 3rd Edition Test Bank
Cornerstones of Cost Management Hansen Mowen 3rd Edition Test Bank
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Name: Cornerstones of Cost Management
Author: Hansen Mowen
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Cornerstones of Cost Management Test Bank
Cornerstones of Cost Management Hansen Mowen 3rd Edition Test Bank ISBN: 1285751787
Chapter 1–Introduction to Cost Management
1. An accounting information system collects, records, summarizes, analyzes, and manages data to transform inputs into information that is provided to users.
2. The two major subsystems of the accounting information system are the financial accounting information system and the cost management accounting information system.
3. The cost management information system is primarily concerned with producing outputs for external users.
4. The three broad objectives of financial accounting information systems are to provide information for costing out services and products, planning and control, and decision making.
5. Preparing reports for division managers is an activity associated with the cost management information system.
6. The cost management information system has two major subsystems: the cost accounting information system and the operational control information system.
7. Changes in the way business is conducted worldwide have broadened the focus of cost management accounting systems.
8. One of the major advances in information technology that affects firms is the emergence of electronic commerce.
9. The service sector of the U. S. economy has decreased in importance as traditional industries have declined in importance.
10. Enterprise resource planning (ERP) software has the objective of providing an integrated system capability and is able to run all the operations of a company.
11. In just-in-time (JIT) manufacturing, each operation produces only what is necessary for the succeeding operations.
12. JIT is a critical part of a more comprehensive approach referred to as Lean Manufacturing.
13. The focus of Lean Manufacturing is to eliminate waste, which is anything that does not add value to the end user (customer).
14. The role of cost and management accountants is one of support and teamwork and assistance of those who are responsible for achieving a company’s basic objectives.
15. Positions that have direct responsibility for basic objectives are referred to as staff positions, and those indirectly responsible are called line positions.
16. The Controller of a company supervises all the accounting departments and is often viewed as a member of the top management team.
17. The Treasurer of a company is responsible for all taxation activities, including dealing with the IRS.
18. Evaluating the performance of a segment of the company is an example of planning.
19. The process of choosing among competing alternatives is called decision making.
20. Business ethics is learning what is right or wrong in the work environment and choosing what is right.
21. Employee and customer loyalty are NOT a result of strong codes of ethics.
22. Firms subject to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 do not have to disclose whether they have a code of ethics for senior financial officers, nor why.
23. The Institute of Management accountants has established ethical standards for management accountants.
24. In resolving an ethical conflict, it would be appropriate to take the matter to the press where there’s no legal requirement.
25. Divulging company information when not legally obligated to do so violates the confidentiality part of the IMA Code of Conduct.
26. Three of the major certifications available to management accountants are Certificates in Management Accounting, Public Accounting, and Internal Auditing.
27. For each certification, all an applicant has to do is meet specific educational and experience requirements.
28. The examination for obtaining the Certificate in Management Accounting consists of two parts: (1) Financial Planning, Performance and Control, and (2) Financial Decision Making.
29. The Certificate of Public Accounting does not include the right to serve as external auditors.
30. The Certified Internal Auditor must pass a comprehensive examination designed to ensure technical competence and have two years’ work experience.
31. The __________ information system is primarily concerned with producing outputs for internal users using inputs and processes needed to satisfy management objectives.
32. The cost management subsystem designed to assign costs to individual products and services is called the __________ information system.
33. __________ is the persistent pursuit and elimination of waste which results in the decrease of lead time.
34. The __________ is a method used to continuously improve manufacturing and nonmanufacturing activities.
35. The role of __________ accountants is to assist and support those responsible for carrying out an organization’s basic objectives.
36. Positions in a company that have direct responsibility for its basic objectives are called __________ positions, and the positions indirectly responsible for the company’s objectives are called __________ positions.
37. The standards of ethical conduct for management accountants include competence, confidentiality, integrity, resolution of ethical conflict, and __________ .
38. Companies with a strong __________ can benefit from strong customer and employee loyalty.
39. The IMA’s program to recognize professional competence in the field of management accounting yields a designation as a __________ Accountant.
40. Only Certified Public Accountants are permitted by law to serve as __________ .
41. In an accounting information system, the inputs are usually
A. financial statements.
B. analyzing data.
C. performance reports.
D. economic events.
42. In an accounting information system, which of the following is NOT a transformational process?
A. collecting data
B. analyzing data
C. performance reporting
D. summarizing data
43. Which of the following is NOT a process associated with an accounting information system?
A. auditing existing data
B. collecting and recording data
C. providing information to users
D. analyzing and managing data
44. _______________ is devoted to providing information for external users.
A. Management accounting
B. Financial accounting
C. Internal accounting
D. Cost accounting
45. Financial accounting information is used for
A. investment decisions.
B. regulatory measures.
C. stewardship evaluation.
D. all of the above.
46. Which of the following does NOT describe cost management system?
A. evaluation of segments or products within the firm
B. emphasis on the future
C. externally focused
D. focus on effective use of resources
47. Which of the following is NOT part of the financial accounting information system?
A. filing reports with the SEC
B. reporting a large contingent liability to current and potential shareholders
C. determining the future cash flows of a proposed flexible manufacturing system
D. preparing GAAP financial statements
48. Cost management reports are prepared
A. to meet the needs of decision makers within the firm.
B. whenever stockholders request them.
C. according to guidelines prepared by the Securities and Exchange Commission.
D. according to financial accounting standards.
49. Which of the following is NOT provided by cost accountants?
A. cost information in accordance with GAAP
B. cost information about processes and activities
C. financial information for external users
D. cost information about products, customers, and services
50. The primary objective of the cost management information system is to provide
A. stockholders and potential investors with useful information for decision making.
B. banks and other creditors with information useful in making credit decisions.
C. management with information useful for planning and control of operations.
D. the Internal Revenue Service with information about taxable income.
51. The cost management information system is concerned with
A. reporting financial information according to GAAP.
B. providing cost information that is used in planning, control, and decision-making.
C. reporting to external users.
D. providing financial information to investors.
52. Cost accounting
A. is concerned with assigning costs to various cost objects.
B. attempts to satisfy the costing objectives of both financial accounting and management accounting.
C. provides cost information that supports planning, controlling, and decision making.
D. all of these.
53. Cost management is the branch of accounting concerned with reporting to
A. internal managers.
C. the government.
54. _______________ broadens the focus of accounting because it is concerned with factors that drive costs, such as cycle time and process productivity.
A. Cost accounting
B. Cost management
C. Financial management
D. Financial accounting
55. Which of the following activities is NOT associated with the cost management information system?
A. preparing a cost of quality report
B. preparing a performance report that compares actual costs to budgeted costs
C. determining the cost of a customer
D. using future expected earnings to estimate the price of a share of common stock
56. Which of the following costing activities is associated with the financial accounting system?
A. determining the cost of a department
B. determining the cost of goods sold for financial statements
C. preparing budgets
D. determining the cost of a customer
57. Which of the following activities is associated with the cost management information system?
A. preparing reports for division managers
B. preparing reports for the IRS
C. preparing reports for the SEC
D. preparing financial statements that conform to GAAP
58. The operational control system is concerned with
A. investment decisions.
B. what activities should be performed and assessing how well they are performed.
C. consumption of productive resources by individual products.
D. none of these.
59. Which of the following activities is NOT associated with the financial accounting information system?
A. reporting on the cost of quality
B. reporting to the SEC
C. preparing reports for the IRS
D. preparing a statement of cash flows
60. Which of the following is a cost management subsystem designed to assign costs to individual products and services and other objects, as specified by management
A. financial accounting information system
B. operational control system
C. cost accounting information system
D. all of the above
61. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
A. The service sector comprises approximately three quarters of the United States’ economy and employment.
B. The service sector comprises approximately 20 percent of the United States’ economy and employment.
C. Traditional smokestack industries have increased in importance in recent years.
D. The service sector has decreased in importance in recent years.
62. Any form of commerce that is executed using information and communications technology is called:
C. electronic commerce
63. Factors that have led to a global market for manufacturing and service firms are
A. improved transportation and communications systems.
B. improved telemarketing and communications.
C. improved telemarketing and transportation systems.
D. None of these factors have contributed.
64. Which of the following cost management tools supports the firm’s concentration on the delivery of value to the customer?
A. service industry growth
B. global competition
C. preparing an earnings report for the SEC
D. value-chain analysis
65. A computerized information system that strives to input data once and make it available to people across the company for different purposes is called a(n):
A. cost management information system
B. enterprise resource planning system
C. internal accounting system
D. financial accounting system
66. Which of the following is NOT an advance in information technology that affects firms?
A. computer integrated applications
B. GAAP reporting
C. emergence of electronic commerce
D. availability of tools such as OLAP and DSS
67. Software that has integrated system capability using real time data is
A. enterprise resource planning software.
B. on-line analytic programs.
C. computer-assisted engineering software.
D. none of these.
68. The increased importance of costing activities in the value chain and determining the cost of different suppliers and customers has led to the emergence of
B. EDI and supply chain management.
D. theory of constraints.
69. Which of the following activities is NOT significant to the advancement of information technology?
A. enterprise resource planning software
B. emergence of electronic commerce
C. theory of constraints
D. decision support systems
70. Manufacturing environment automation is associated with increases in
B. productive capacity.
C. processing time.
D. none of these.
71. Which of the following approaches have led to advancements in the manufacturing environment?
A. theory of constraints
B. computer-integrated manufacturing
C. JIT manufacturing
D. all of these
72. In JIT manufacturing, each operation produces
A. only what is necessary for the succeeding operations.
B. all that it can to offset fixed costs.
C. a fixed percentage in excess of orders to ensure adequate quality stock.
D. all that it can in order to build inventories.
73. JIT is a critical part of a more comprehensive approach referred to as:
A. supply chain management
B. lean manufacturing
C. just-in-time manufacturing
D. computer-integrated manufacturing
74. Which of the following are results of Lean Manufacturing?
A. elimination of waste
B. decreased lead time
C. costs decrease
D. all of the above
75. Which of the following emerging trends in cost accounting deals with managers striving to create an environment that will enable workers to manufacture perfect (zero-defect) products?
A. advances in information technology
B. time as a competitive element
C. global competition
D. total quality management
76. Competitive advantage is established by providing
A. more customer products than competitors.
B. better quality than competitors.
C. greater customer value for less cost than competitors.
D. greater efficiencies than competitors.
77. Which of the following activities is NOT associated with new product development?
A. life-cycle costing
B. target costing
C. activity-based management
D. performance reports